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# The double life of Alfred Bloggs

These days, people who do manual work often receive far more money than people who work in offices. People who work in offices are frequently referred to as’ white collar workers’ for the simple reason that they usually wear a collar and tie to go to work. Such is human nature, that a great many people are often willing to sacrifice higher pay for the privilege of becoming white collar workers. This can give rise to curious situations, as it did in the case of Alfred Bloggs who worked as a dustman for the Ellesmere Corporation.

When he got married, Alf was too embarrassed to say anything to his wife about his job. He simply told her that he worked for the Corporation. Every morning, he left home dressed in a smart black suit. He then changed into overalls and spent the next eight hours as a dustman. Before returning home at night, he took a shower and changed back into his suit.

Alf did this for over two years and his fellow dustmen kept his secret. Alf’s wife has never discovered that she married a dustman and she never will, for Alf has just found another job. He will soon be working in an office. He will be earning only half as much as he used to, but he feels that his rise in status is well worth the loss of money. From now on, he will wear a suit all day and others will call him ‘Mr. Bloggs’, not ‘Alf’.

## 单词

manual work / labor

material 物质的 ~ spiritual 精神的

“man(u)” = hand
manufacture 生产，制造；现义：大规模地、机器生产

(26课) biscuit manufacturers 饼干生产厂家
(45课) soap manufacturers
manacle 手铐
manuscript 手稿

emancipate 解放（人的解放），liberate （国家）解放
emancipate slaves
the emancipation of women 妇女的解放
the Emancipation Proclamation 《解放奴隶宣言》

collar /'kɒlə/（英）  /'kɑlɚ/ （美）

Hi, buddy! much
I love you, honey. color
The color of the collar is white.

The policeman collared the thief.

tie tie a tie sigh a sigh wish a wish

I wished a wish on the star. 我对着星星许了一个愿.

dream a dream
die a glorious death 死得光荣
breathe one’s last breath

sacrifice v. 牺牲，献出
sacrifice … for …
Many women sacrifice their careers for their families.

(4课) Such is human nature, that a great many people are often willing to sacrifice higher pay for the privilege of becoming white-collar workers.
(44课) Relatively few people are prepared to sacrifice holiday time for the pleasure of travelling by sea.

give up abandon
abandon ship 弃船
renounce （宣布）放弃

renounce smoking and drinking

cede 割让领土

Hong Kong was ceded to Britain after the Opium War.

privilege n. 特权，特殊的好处
enjoy a privilege 享有特权 abuse a privilege 滥用特权

Education is a right, not a privilege.

have the privilege to 很高兴 …

Today, I have the privilege to speak at this important international forum on behalf of the Chinese government.

corporation n. 公司
multinational corporation 跨国公司
enterprise 企业
foreign funded enterprise 外资企业
joint-venture enterprise 合资企业
state-owned enterprise (SOE) 国有企业
private enterprise 私营企业
township enterprise 乡镇企业

## 课文

in those days 想当初，当年

(21课) In those days, boxers fought with bare fists for prize money.
(4-9课) In those days wandering minstrels were welcome everywhere.

make money
earn money
far / much / even / still / yet …
sightly / a little / a bit

These days, people who work in the entertainment field often receive far more money than people who toil in the education sector.

Our grief has turned to anger, and anger to resolution.
For glances beget ogles, ogles sighs, sighs wishes, wishes words, and words a letter. 因瞥视而生秋波，因秋波而生叹息，因叹息而生希冀，因希冀而生心窝情话，终化为情书一封。
If you dream it, you can do it; if you do it, you can love it; it you love it, you can enjoy it; if you enjoy it, you can make it.

refer to …: 提到…; 谈及… = mention … / speak of …

Please don’t refer to this matter again.

refer to A as B
call A B

… and others will call him ‘Mr. Bloggs’, not Alf.

Elizabeth: This is my father, Paul Stevens. Dad, this is Ross Geller.
Ross: It’s great to meet you Paul.
Paul: I usually prefer Elizabeth’s boyfriends to address me as Mr. Stevens.
Ross: Of course, of course, Mr. Stevens.

know A as B

(14课) He soon made a name for himself and came to be known to the Italians as Giovanni Acuto.
(21课) Because of this, they were known as ‘prizefighters’.
(31课) He was known to us all as Dickie and his eccentricity had become legendary long before he died.

for the simple reason that … <=> simply because
for the reason that … for 的意思比较多，可以表示 “目的”，所以后面加 reason，意思清楚
because of the fact that …
due to the fact that …
on account of the fact that …
= because

Giant pandas are frequently referred to as ‘living fossils’ for the simple reason that they have lived on earth for over 200 million years.

nature n. 本性，天性

Excuse me, nature calls. 对不起，方便一下.
He is kind by nature. 他很善良.

Such is human nature that …
It is human nature that …

Such is human nature that we all love to get something for nothing.
Such is human nature that we don’t treasure what we have until we lose it.

Human nature is such that a great many people …

(27课) The conditions of society are such that skills have to be paid for in the same way that goods are paid for at a shop.

Such are The conditions of society that skills have to be paid for in the same way that goods are paid for at a shop.

be willing to do 乐意

(28课) I shook my head and held up five fingers indicating that I was willing to pay 5.

If your order is large enough we are ready to reduce our prices by 5%.

be prepared to do

(41课) Why people are prepared to tolerate a four-hour journey each day for the dubious privilege of living in the country is beyond me.

for the privilege of … 为了 … 的好处

(41课) Why people are prepared to tolerate a four-hour journey each day for the dubious privilege of living in the country is beyond me.

give rise to sth. (fml.) 导致

The president’s absence gave rise to speculations about his health.

work as … for …

I work as an English teacher for New Oriental School.

… （观点）, as it did / does in the case of … who …

Stress can give rise to mental diseases, as it did in the case of Mike Johnson who worked as an engineer for General Motors.

be married get married marry sb.
be married to sb.

The girl was married to me.
The girl was engaged to me.

too … to …

be (dressed in) … 穿着

He was (dressed) in a smart black suit.

sb. wear sth.

He left home wearing a smart black suit.
smart 时髦的，音译

change 换衣服

W: I’m taking John to that fancy new restaurant tonight.
M: You can’t go like that. You’d better change.

change (out of …) (into …) 换下 … 穿上

You’d better change out of the red jacket into a blue one.

spend … on sth. / (in) doing

I spent a lot of money on food.
I spent a lot of time on homework.
I spent a lot of time (in) learning English.
I spent my summer vacation in Hainan Province.
I treasured every minute I spent with your family.

(6课) After gazing at the display for several minutes, Mr. Taylor went back into his shop.

(16课) Ashamed of having acted so rashly, Dimitri apologized to Aleko for having accused him.

(40课) Pretending to speak seriously, one of the workmen asked if he might make a telephone call before being taken to the station.
(36课) After having been wounded towards the end of the war, he had been sent to hospital and was separated from his unit.

shower n. 淋浴，阵雨
have a ~，take a ~

fellow + 身份差不多的人
fellow dustmen 清洁工同事们
fellow actors
fellow students
fellow citizens 同胞们, fellow Chinese / Americans …

(22课) The gaoler looked on eagerly, anxious to see if his fellow actor had at last learnt his lines.
(4-15课) In so far as any inquiry is a secret one, it naturally limits all those engaged in carrying it out from effective contact with their fellow scientists either in other countries or in universities, or even, often enough, in other departments of the same firm.
(4-33课) We would lay less stress on ‘facts and figures’ and more on a good memory, on applied psychology, and on the capacity of a man to get along with his fellow citizens.
And so, my fellow Americans, ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country. （肯尼迪）（倒复 修辞）

(22课) One night, the gaoler decided to play a joke on his colleague to find out if, after so many performances, he had managed to learn the contents of the letter by heart.

I was, am and will be your friend.

will be doing 表达一种可预见性

Professor Wang will be taking charge of our department next Monday.

1. A is … times as … as B
2. A is … times the amount (the number, the size, the length, the width/breadth, the height, the value, the price …) of B
3. A is … times 比较级 than B

The box is four times as big as that one.
The box is four times the size of that one.
The box is three times bigger than that one.

worth 一直用主动形式
be worth sth. / doing
be worthy (of sth.) / to do / to be done

The matter is worth consideration / considering.
The matter is worthy (of consideration) / (to be considered).
The day when Beijing won the right to host the 2008 Olympic Games is worth celebration / celebrating.
The day when Beijing won the right to host the 2008 Olympic Games is worthy of celebration / to be celebrated.