The expensive shops in a famous arcade near Piccadilly were just opening. At this time of the morning, the arcade was almost empty. Mr. Taylor, the owner of a jewellery shop was admiring a new window display. Two of his assistants had been working busily since eight o’clock and had only just finished.Diamond necklaces and ring shad been beautifully arranged on a background of black velvet. After gazing at the display for several minutes, Mr. Taylor went back into his shop.
The silence was suddenly broken when a large car, with its headlights on and its horn blaring, roared down the arcade. It came to a stop outside the jeweller’s. One man stayed at the wheel while two others with black stockings over their faces jumped out and smashed the window of the shop with iron bars. While this was going on, Mr. Taylor was upstairs. He and his staff began throwing furniture out of the window. Chairs and tables went flying into the arcade. One of the thieves was struck by a heavy statue, but he was too busy helping himself to diamonds to notice any pain. The raid was all over in three minutes, for the men scrambled back into the car and it moved off at a fantastic speed. Just as it was leaving, Mr. Taylor rushed out and ran after it throwing ashtrays and vases, but it was impossible to stop the thieves. They had got away with thousands of pounds worth of diamonds.
smash and grab n. a kind of robbery in which the robbers break the shop window and steal the goods on display
smash v. 打碎（vi. & vt.）
smash the window
The glass smashed into small bits.
We’re determined to smash terrorism.
smash the Gang of Four 粉碎四人帮
shatter 粉碎，类似 smash，可以跟一些抽象的词
shatter the window
The glass shattered into small bits.
When I’m in your arms
Nothing seems to matter
My whole world could shatter
I don’t care （歌词）
shatter one’s dream / hope / confidence …
Peter’s comments shattered the boy’s confidence.
A mugger grabbed her handbag as she was walking across the park.
(40课) As the men refused to stop working, the police attempted to seize the pneumatic drill.
jewellery / jewelry n. 珠宝（总称）
a piece of jewelry
two pieces of jewelry
She has a lot of beautiful jewelry.
She has a lot of beautiful jewels.
|jewel||jewelry / jewellery|
|table / chair||furniture|
|pen / pencil||stationery|
|trunk / suitcase||luggage / baggage|
staff n. 全体工作人员
The hospital’s medical staff is / are excellent.
(49课) Though my aunt pursued what was, in those days, an enlightened policy, in that she never allowed her domestic staff to work more than eight hours a day, she was extremely difficult to please.
(4-10课) Already, orientals and Asian Americans constitute the majority of the engineering staffs at many Valley firms.
规则同 staff, 以单位可数。
- When, where, who, why, what and result.
为人贵直，而作诗文者贵曲。 —— 袁枚
第一句：The expensive shops in a famous arcade near Piccadilly were just opening.
expensive shops / hotels 高档 …，expensive 费钱的
Mary is an expensive girl. She eats like a horse.
英语中说“吃得多”一般用 horse 和 lion. pig 用来形容吃相不好。
a fancy / luxury car
a fancy / luxury hotel
在 … 附近 near
around … close to …
in the neighborhood of …
in the vicinity of …
I rent an apartment off campus.
on campus 在校园里
造句：在朝阳区建国门外大街上高档的国贸商城（China World Shopping Mall）刚刚开始营业。
The expensive China World Shopping Mall on / at the JianGuoMenWai Avenue in Chaoyang District was just opening.
第二句：At this time of the morning, the arcade was almost empty.
empty an empty truck empty streets
第三句：Mr. Taylor, the owner of a jewellery shop was admiring a new window display.
the jeweller’s the grocer’s the butcher’s 肉脯
the tailor’s the baker’s the barber’s
the stationer’s 文具店 the chemist’s 药铺
名字后 + 属格，表示家庭、大学、教堂等，视情况
We spent the weekend at Mr. Green’s (house).
He graduated from St. John’s (University).
Joe lives near St. Paul’s (Cathedral) in London.
I admire her courage.
I am admiring her beauty.
gaze at …
(6课) After gazing at the display for several minutes, Mr. Taylor went back into his shop.
第四句：Two of his assistants had been working busily since eight o’clock and had only just finished.
assistant a. 助理的 n. 助手；这里表示售货员
an assistant manager
had been doing 过去完成进行时
(20课) Bleriot had been making planes since 1905 and this was his latest model.
(32课) The small ship, Elkor, which had been searching the Barents Sea for weeks, was on its way home.
on just ad. not long ago / before 刚刚
We’ve only just arrived.
I’ve only just moved to London.
第五句：Diamond necklaces and ring shad been beautifully arranged on a background of black velvet.
We arranged the chairs ina semicircle.
His books are neatly arranged in alphabetical order.
第六句：After gazing at the display for several minutes, Mr. Taylor went back into his shop.
gaze at 充满兴趣地看，此处与上文 admire 相同
He gazed at the belle. （美女）
He stared at the belle.
He gaped at the belle.
The belle glared at him. （怒视，瞪着）
第七句：The silence was suddenly broken when a large car, with its headlights on and its horn blaring, roared down the arcade.
horn n. 牛羊的犄角 -> 引申为号角 -> 喇叭
(with) + n. + 非谓语（doing / done / to do，其中 being 常省略），在句中常作状语或定语。不加 with 可能正式一点。
(57课) …, and at this point, according to my father, I should be looking at farms and cottages in a valley, with the spire of the church of our village showing in the far distance.
(59课) Collecting, by occupying spare time so constructively, makes a person contented, with no time (being) for boredom.
(4-18课) It is possible that upon such an occasion a battle ensued, with the sharks being driven away or killed.
(34课) Apart from an interesting-looking carved dagger, the box was full of crockery, much of it broken.
(36课) In the nineteenth century, a novelist would bring his story to a conclusion by presenting his readers with a series of coincidences —— most of them wildly improbable.
He came in and carried a book. 并列
He came in carrying a book. 突出 come, 弱化 carry.
He came in and a book was in his hand.
He came in (with) a book (being) in his hand.
The ( ) of airplane engines announced a coming air raid.
B. exclamation 呼喊、惊叫
造句：宁静突然被打破，一个凶恶的家伙（a tough guy），瞪着眼睛拿着枪，闯进了（break into）银行。
The silence was suddenly broken when a tough guy, with his eyes glaring and a gun in his hand, broke into the bank.
第八句：It came to a stop outside the jeweller’s.
come to a stop / halt = stop / halt
(39课) Bruce charged at it, but in the middle, the car came to a grinding halt.
come to an end = end
come to a close = close
come to a decision = decide
come to a conclusion = conclude
第九句：One man stayed at the wheel while two others with black stockings over their faces jumped out and smashed the window of the shop with iron bars.
at the wheel 在驾驶座
at the table 在餐桌
He must be over 60, while / whereas his wife looks about 30.
While she is a likable girl, she can be extremely difficult to work with.
(4-16课) While they enjoy the comfort and banal luxury of their dwelling, they do not realize that they are deprived of the necessities of life.
第十一句：He and his staff began throwing furniture out of the window.
注意 staff 和 furniture 的单复数。
begin 后加 doing / to do 一般没有严格区分。doing 倾向于主动行为，to do 多描述现象
(28课) Many of the tourists on board had begun bargaining with the tradesmen, …
It began to rain.
(12课) During the journey, the boat began to sink.
第十二句：Chairs and tables went flying into the arcade.
The boy went running to meet him. 这个男孩跑着去迎接他。
The girl came bouncing to tell me the news. 她蹦蹦跳跳地过来告诉我这个消息。
第十三句：One of the thieves was struck by a heavy statue, but he was too busy helping himself to diamonds to notice any pain.
be busy doing sth.
be busy with sth.
They are busy preparing for the wedding.
They are busy with preparations for the wedding.
be too busy doing sth. to do sth.
He was too busy working to notice us come in.
help oneself to sth. 别客气，自己拿；
Help yourself to a beer （一杯酒 可数）.
They helped themselves to the farmer’s apples.
第十四句：The raid was all over in three minutes, for the men scrambled back into the car and it moved off at a fantastic speed.
in three minutes 不能翻译成“在三分钟之内”，而是“用了三分钟”
(2-5课) The birds covered the distance in three minutes.
within three minutes 在三分钟内
As the burning plane landed, the terrified passengers scrambled for the door.
- speed 作不可数名词时，与 at,with 搭配即可
at / with great speed
- speed 作可数名词时，只能与 at 搭配
at a speed of 60 mph
第十五句：Just as it was leaving, Mr. Taylor rushed out and ran after it throwing ashtrays and vases, but it was impossible to stop the thieves.
追赶 run after chase
Instead of studying, he wastes his time chasing girls.
The thief ran across the field, with an officer pursuing him.
第十六句：They had got away with thousands of pounds worth of diamonds.
金钱 + worth of + 物品
one billion dollars worth of merchandise
fifty pence worth of trouble
Ross: Well, how was the date?
Rachel: Well, I’m alone and I just bought fifteen dollars worth of candy bars, what do you think?
我刚刚买了 50 元的杂货
I just bought 50 yuan worth of groceries.