Has it ever happened to you? Have you ever put your trousers in the washing machine and then remembered there was a large bank note in your back pocket? When you rescued your trousers, did you find the note was whiter than white? People who live in Britain needn’t despair when they made mistakes like this (and a lot of people do)! Fortunately for them, the Bank of England has a team called Mutilated Ladies which deals with claims from people who fed their money to a machine or to their dog. Dogs, it seems, love to chew up money!
A recent case concerns Jane Butlin whose fiancé, John, runs a successful furniture business. John had very good day and put his wallet containing £3,000 into the microwave oven for safekeeping. Then he and Jane went horse-riding. When they got home, Jane cooked their dinner in the microwave oven and without realizing it, cooked her fiancé’s wallet as well. Imagine their dismay when they found a beautifully-cooked wallet and notes turned to ash! John went to see his bank manager who sent the remains of wallet and the money to the special department of the Bank of England in Newcastle: the Mutilate Ladies! They examined the remain and John got all his money back. ‘So long as there’s something to identify, we will give people their money back,’ said a spokeswoman for the Bank. 'Last year, we paid £1.5m on 21,000 claims. Damaged bank notes. The Queen’s head appears on English bank notes, and ‘lady’ refers to this.
mutilate v. 使残缺不全
He was mutilated in a car accident and lost one arm.
The painting has been mutilated by a boy.
maim v. 使受重伤
One man has lost his life; another has been maimed.
paralyze v. 使瘫痪
The accident left him paralyzed from the waist down.
cripple v. 使 … 瘸; n. 瘸子
disable v. 使残疾
the disabled, the handicapped 残疾人
the physically challenged（委婉的表达）残疾人
the mentally challenged ~
the horizontally challenged （特别）肥胖的人
the vertically challenged 侏儒
chew v. 咀嚼
Here, take this pill, and don’t chew it.
Answer: (D) Swallow this tablet.
pill = tablet = 药片
bite off more than one can chew.
吞咽：swallow 狼吞虎咽：gobble devour
(33课) Only two stray dogs benefited form all this confusion, for they greedily devoured what was left of the cake.
nibble v. 细嚼馒咽
Eagles catch snakes that gobble toads that swallow insects that nibble green leaves.
fiancé /'fi:ɑ:nsei/ n. 未婚夫
新浪 groom / bridegroom 新娘 bride
女傧相 bridesmaid 伴娘 maid of honor
男傧相 groomsman 伴郎 best man
新人 newlyweds happy couple
(46课) Armed with the right tools and materials, newlyweds gaily embark on the task of decorating their own homes.
spokeswoman n. 女发言人
chairman, chairwoman, chairperson
W: The dean just announced that Dr. Jeffries is going to take over as Chairperson of the English Dept.
M: I knew it all along. He was the obvious choice.
What does the man mean?
dean 院长，head 系主任，take over 接管（权力）
第一句：Has it ever happened to you?
sth. happen to sb. come up
Has it ever come up to you?
但是这里不能用 occur，sth. occur to sb. … 想到了…
A car accident happened to him.
A good idea occurred to me.
第二句：Have you ever put your trousers in the washing machine and then remembered there was a large bank note in your back pocket?
纸钞 bank note / banknote / note
纸钞（美式）bill, bill 也可以作“账单”、人名中 “William” 的缩写.
a fake / counterfeit $20 bill
change n. 零钱（不可数）
I carry no change on me. 我没带零钱。
第三句：When you rescued your trousers, did you find the note was whiter than white?
rescue / save 拯救
(12课) When a passing tanker rescued them five days later, both men were genuinely sorry that they had to leave.
come / go to one’s rescure 来/去救…
When John was in trouble, everyone went to his rescue.
pick up sb. , pick sb. up （搭救）救
(20课) The ‘Antoinette’ floated on the water until Latham was picked up by a ship.
salvage … from … 救（财物，物资）
He tried desperately to salvage belongings from the burning house.
(32课) The captain of the Elkor ordered his men to salvage as much as possible from the wreck.
savior / saviour 救命恩人
= a knight in shining armour
I don’t know who you are, Nick. You just magically show up like some knight in shining armor, ready to save the day …
save the day 力挽狂澜
whiter than white 比白纸还白，广告语。（书后注释）
第四句：People who live in Britain needn’t despair when they made mistakes like this (and a lot of people do)!
鼻腔爆破 nasal explosion
弱读音节 [t] / [d] + [n] 时，[t]，[d] 不发音
Britain mutton certain
mountain didn’t student
despair of sb. despair of (doing) sth.
The teachers began to despair of him.
Mike despaired of ever seeing her again.
in despair 绝望地
He killed himself in despair.
(46课) I gave up in despair.
(54课) I got up early next morning hoping to find that the ants had given up in despair.
With this faith, we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone. 《我有一个梦想》
第五句：Fortunately for them, the Bank of England has a team called Mutilated Ladies which deals with claims from people who fed their money to a machine or to their dog.
解决 … deal with …
attend to …
(33课) You hang up hurriedly and attend to baby, crockery, etc.
see to …
Don’t worry about. I’ll see to it later.
‘Molly, I need your special talent for handling special matters.’
‘Like what special matters?’
Many schools are now trying to tackle the problem of drug abuse.
cope with …
a seminar on ‘coping with stress in the workplace’
喂 feed sth. to sb.， feed sb. on sth.
I fed raw meat to the dog.
I fed the dog on raw meat.
Well-fed, well bred. 仓廪实而知礼节，衣食足而知荣辱
She fed two coins into the machine for a cup of coffee.
Clothes that fit the man and the times.
Your’re free to execute your laws, and your citizens, as you see fit.
第六句：Dogs, it seems, love to chew up money!
it seems 是插入语
It seems that dogs love to chew up money.
You may wonder why spiders are our friends.
=> (4-2课) Why, you may wonder, should spiders be our friends?
Many of us believe that economic development is of paramount importance to China.
=> Economic development, many of us believe, is of paramount importance to China.
第七句：A recent case concerns Jane Butlin whose fiancé, John, runs a successful furniture business.
关于 concern … be about …
本句 = A recent case is about Jane Butlin …
(4-4课) One case concerns an eleven-year-old schoolgirl, Vera Petrova, who has normal vision but who can also perceive things with different parts of her skin, and through solid walls.
To whom it may concern, 致有关人士
be concerned with …
The book concerns music.
The book is concerned with music.
a book concerning music
a book concerned with music
run: be in charge of (sth); manage
run a hotel / shop / language school
John manages a successful furniture business.
John is in charge of a successful furniture business.
第十句：When they got home, Jane cooked their dinner in the microwave oven and without realizing it, cooked her fiancé’s wallet as well.
… without realizing / knowing it, …
… without being aware of it …
dismay: both shocked and discouraged 哎哟，（叹气～）
第十一句：Imagine their dismay when they found a beautifully-cooked wallet and notes turned to ash!
turn to / into …
change into …
The caterpillar（毛毛虫） eventually (turns to / into) / (changes into) / (becomes) butterfly.
The teacher turned writer.
He has turned traitor.
本文中加 to / into.
image one’s … when …
Image his dismay when he found he took the wrong train.
第十二句：John went to see his bank manager who sent the remains of wallet and the money to the special department of the Bank of England in Newcastle: the Mutilate Ladies!
划线部分的 “定语从句” => continuative clause 接续性分句
=> John went to see his bank manager and the manager sent the remains of wallet and the money to the special department of the Bank of England in Newcastle: the Mutilate Ladies!
He violently beat the boy and the boy later died from his injuries.
=> He violently beat the boy who later died from his injuries.
We can read of things that happened 5,000 years ago in the Near East, because people first learned to write there.
(4-1课) We can read of things that happened 5,000 years ago in the Near East, where people first learned to write.
Don’t sit on the chair because it has a broken leg.
=> Don’t sit on the chair which has a broken leg.
History books never mention those people although they really helped civilization forward.
=> History books never mention those people who really helped civilization forward.
……（Lesson7 课文讲解(二) 25:23）
第十四句：‘So long as there’s something to identify, we will give people their money back,’ said a spokeswoman for the Bank. 'Last year, we paid £1.5m on 21,000 claims.'
as / so long as …
provided / providing (that) …
on condition (that) …
You’ll be quite safe as long as you follow my instructions.
He can come with us, provided / providing (that) he pays for his own meals.
I’ll lend you the money on condition (that) you pay it back within three weeks.
only if … 只有 …
She will go only if he goes.
Only if he goes will she go. （句首倒装）
said a spokeswoman for the Bank for 表示为 … 工作
(4课) who worked as a dustman for the Ellesmere Corporation.