# Coding 的痕迹

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Has it ever happened to you? Have you ever put your trousers in the washing machine and then remembered there was a large bank note in your back pocket? When you rescued your trousers, did you find the note was whiter than white? People who live in Britain needn’t despair when they made mistakes like this (and a lot of people do)! Fortunately for them, the Bank of England has a team called Mutilated Ladies which deals with claims from people who fed their money to a machine or to their dog. Dogs, it seems, love to chew up money!

A recent case concerns Jane Butlin whose fiancé, John, runs a successful furniture business. John had very good day and put his wallet containing £3,000 into the microwave oven for safekeeping. Then he and Jane went horse-riding. When they got home, Jane cooked their dinner in the microwave oven and without realizing it, cooked her fiancé’s wallet as well. Imagine their dismay when they found a beautifully-cooked wallet and notes turned to ash! John went to see his bank manager who sent the remains of wallet and the money to the special department of the Bank of England in Newcastle: the Mutilate Ladies! They examined the remain and John got all his money back. ‘So long as there’s something to identify, we will give people their money back,’ said a spokeswoman for the Bank. 'Last year, we paid £1.5m on 21,000 claims. Damaged bank notes. The Queen’s head appears on English bank notes, and ‘lady’ refers to this.

## 单词

mutilate v. 使残缺不全

He was mutilated in a car accident and lost one arm.
The painting has been mutilated by a boy.

maim v. 使受重伤

One man has lost his life; another has been maimed.

paralyze v. 使瘫痪

The accident left him paralyzed from the waist down.

cripple v. 使 … 瘸; n. 瘸子
disable v. 使残疾
the disabled, the handicapped 残疾人
the physically challenged（委婉的表达）残疾人
the mentally challenged ~
the horizontally challenged （特别）肥胖的人
the vertically challenged 侏儒

chew v. 咀嚼

（听力）
Here, take this pill, and don’t chew it.
pill = tablet = 药片

bite 咬
bite off more than one can chew.

swallow 还有燕子的意思。

(33课) Only two stray dogs benefited form all this confusion, for they greedily devoured what was left of the cake.

nibble v. 细嚼馒咽

Eagles catch snakes that gobble toads that swallow insects that nibble green leaves.

fiancé /'fi:ɑ:nsei/ n. 未婚夫
fiancée 未婚妻
husband-to-be bride-to-be

(46课) Armed with the right tools and materials, newlyweds gaily embark on the task of decorating their own homes.

spokeswoman n. 女发言人
spokesman 发言人
spokesperson （一般是男发言人）
chairman, chairwoman, chairperson

（听力）
W: The dean just announced that Dr. Jeffries is going to take over as Chairperson of the English Dept.
M: I knew it all along. He was the obvious choice.
What does the man mean?

## 课文

sth. happen to sb. come up

Has it ever come up to you?

A car accident happened to him.
A good idea occurred to me.

a fake / counterfeit \$20 bill

coin 硬币（可数）
change n. 零钱（不可数）

I carry no change on me. 我没带零钱。

rescue / save 拯救

(12课) When a passing tanker rescued them five days later, both men were genuinely sorry that they had to leave.

come / go to one’s rescure 来/去救…

When John was in trouble, everyone went to his rescue.

pick up sb. , pick sb. up （搭救）救

(20课) The ‘Antoinette’ floated on the water until Latham was picked up by a ship.

salvage … from … 救（财物，物资）

He tried desperately to salvage belongings from the burning house.
(32课) The captain of the Elkor ordered his men to salvage as much as possible from the wreck.

savior / saviour 救命恩人
= a knight in shining armour

I don’t know who you are, Nick. You just magically show up like some knight in shining armor, ready to save the day …
save the day 力挽狂澜

whiter than white 比白纸还白，广告语。（书后注释）

Britain mutton certain
mountain didn’t student

despair of sb. despair of (doing) sth.

The teachers began to despair of him.
Mike despaired of ever seeing her again.

in despair 绝望地

He killed himself in despair.
(46课) I gave up in despair.
(54课) I got up early next morning hoping to find that the ants had given up in despair.

despair

With this faith, we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone. 《我有一个梦想》

attend to …

(33课) You hang up hurriedly and attend to baby, crockery, etc.

see to …

Don’t worry about. I’ll see to it later.

handle …

‘Molly, I need your special talent for handling special matters.’
‘Like what special matters?’

tackle …

Many schools are now trying to tackle the problem of drug abuse.

cope with …

a seminar on ‘coping with stress in the workplace’

I fed raw meat to the dog.
I fed the dog on raw meat.

Well-fed, well bred. 仓廪实而知礼节，衣食足而知荣辱
feed 还常用于“投币机”，（喂给机器）

She fed two coins into the machine for a cup of coffee.

zeugma 轭式修辞

Clothes that fit the man and the times.
Your’re free to execute your laws, and your citizens, as you see fit.

it seems 是插入语
It seems that dogs love to chew up money.

You may wonder why spiders are our friends.
=> (4-2课) Why, you may wonder, should spiders be our friends?
Many of us believe that economic development is of paramount importance to China.
=> Economic development, many of us believe, is of paramount importance to China.

(4-4课) One case concerns an eleven-year-old schoolgirl, Vera Petrova, who has normal vision but who can also perceive things with different parts of her skin, and through solid walls.

To whom it may concern, 致有关人士

concern …
be concerned with …

The book concerns music.
The book is concerned with music.
a book concerning music
a book concerned with music

run: be in charge of (sth); manage
run a hotel / shop / language school

John manages a successful furniture business.
John is in charge of a successful furniture business.

… without realizing / knowing it, …
… without being aware of it …

dismay: both shocked and discouraged 哎哟，（叹气～）

turn to / into …
change into …
become

The caterpillar（毛毛虫） eventually (turns to / into) / (changes into) / (becomes) butterfly.

turn 可以做系动词，后面加表语，如 turn red。当名词作表语时，不加冠词，强调身份的改变：

The teacher turned writer.
He has turned traitor.

image one’s … when …

Image his dismay when he found he took the wrong train.

=> John went to see his bank manager and the manager sent the remains of wallet and the money to the special department of the Bank of England in Newcastle: the Mutilate Ladies!
He violently beat the boy and the boy later died from his injuries.
=> He violently beat the boy who later died from his injuries.
We can read of things that happened 5,000 years ago in the Near East, because people first learned to write there.
(4-1课) We can read of things that happened 5,000 years ago in the Near East, where people first learned to write.
Don’t sit on the chair because it has a broken leg.
=> Don’t sit on the chair which has a broken leg.
History books never mention those people although they really helped civilization forward.
=> History books never mention those people who really helped civilization forward.
……（Lesson7 课文讲解(二) 25:23）

as / so long as …
provided / providing (that) …
on condition (that) …

You’ll be quite safe as long as you follow my instructions.
He can come with us, provided / providing (that) he pays for his own meals.
I’ll lend you the money on condition (that) you pay it back within three weeks.

only if … 只有 …

She will go only if he goes.
Only if he goes will she go. （句首倒装）

said a spokeswoman for the Bank for 表示为 … 工作

(4课) who worked as a dustman for the Ellesmere Corporation.

1. 语言生动活泼，充满趣味性
2. 用词准确清晰，避免模棱两可
3. 抽象说明与具体例证相结合